Research reflection: The student experience of procrastination and its impacts

For the last 13 weeks alongside my studies I have been gathering, planning and setting aside time to work on a research report. I was given this assessment task on the first day of coming in to the course as it was introduced to us in the lecture. With a deadline that felt so far at the time, I hadn’t put too much thought into it, nor did I really want to acknowledge it was there for the sake of my own sanity in the midst of all the other impending tasks I had set on me from all my other subjects. Although I never put aside time to particularly brain storm, I did have the pressure of finding a research question hovering at the top of my mind every so often. But even then I would stray from the thought and continue on whatever the other task at hand was. It was not until I started to reflect on my own habits as a student and the notion by which I was acting in the face of this assessment that I realised I was procrastinating. I was delaying the priority of having to narrow down a topic by the days as I was given such an open space and freedom to explore my own curiosity and having been so conditioned to stay within a certain frame from my business subjects I was shocked and unsure what route to take with my research.

These thoughts kept on rolling, ideas came and went, but in the middle of the process where I found myself thinking about it then not my curiosity remained in one place. “Am I the only one who procrastinates THIS bad?”, “why am I constantly pushing the work away, I need to get it done and I know this but part of me just can’t help it.” And that’s when I decided I was very intrigued to delve into research the student experience and impacts of procrastination.

Within my research I decided to take a more reflexive approach by which I was reflecting on myself within the process given which aided in how I set my research questions up and formed the basis for what my aims were for the research task. I found this to be beneficial as I was able to gauge out the questions that I wanted to know because I myself was interested and as someone that does procrastinate, I often thought about myself when looking at the results and perceptions of others which made me come to understand myself a whole lot more as well. Even the way in which I positioned my method of attaining my primary research was conducted in a way that I know would be beneficial to the majority of the audience who may be procrastinators. I’d formed my survey to consist mostly of multiple choice/close ended questions and kept my open ended questions to a minimum and where I deemed them to be most important. This is because I know for myself that if I ask somebody to do my survey it will appear to be a lot less daunting or bear less heavy expectations if there isn’t as much that they need to do.
One aspect that looking back at the research now that I’ve decided has worked to my advantage given the nature of the project is being reflexive throughout. I was interested to understand how meanings were produced and reproduced within the shared social context of procrastination (unknown, 2013). The word “procrastination” more often than not I discovered is a term that is lightly used in the student community in place of words that attach more strong or concerning meanings such as being “stressed” or “anxious”. I found that It is a way that students like to masque their struggling or anxiety as the words generally tend to follow with more concern. Although this is one element I only came to realise my curiosity of after the research process, I can still acknowledge striking instances in my research where I felt the need to change my questions and this was especially true when forming my background research. Although I’d already understood what procrastination was it was not until I had done that additional research which has allowed me to gain an insight into the mindset of others as well as myself regarding the pressing questions I needed answers for.
Time management you ask…ah yes, you’re probably curious to know whether or not I experienced procrastination within the scheme of this task. To answer your question, I did but upon realising the topic at hand and trying to see it for the other perspective, as well as implementing an easy to follow plan I was able to complete all my desired tasks with little procrastination. I found myself coming to understand my habits implementing the reflexive attitude to my research and where I would have felt more guilt or shame about it, I acknowledged it for the positives that I never saw it for and was able to complete the task with little stress.

 

References

Unknown. (2013). A process of reflection. Available: http://www.utsc.utoronto.ca/~pchsiung/LAL/reflexivity. Last accessed 25-5-17.

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The student experience of procrastination and its impacts

And we’re back at it again with the research task! Procrastination ensued to get back here but I guess that’s only natural, right? University students from UOW and around the world alike are probably asking the very question to themselves in regards to their procrastination habits and I am no exception to that.
my topic of interest has remained a constant in the research development process but upon discovering how broad the task i’d given myself was and how little time and resources I had to fulfil my desires and research goals, I decided to narrow the focus down to a smaller scale, one that I myself can relate to as well as the student population alike.

Within my research task, I wish to look into the student experience of procrastination and its impacts

with that being said, my interest ultimately stems from just how much of a shared view we as students have on the matter, yet we are oblivious to the impacts. Well, oblivious enough to ignore them and be persistent with our habits. Are the impacts that are brought about by procrastination always negative? Or can procrastination ensue positive behaviour? i would like to discover whether the effects or impacts had on the students influences their future outlook on tasks and if it is actually a crucial process in the task completion method. Do students engage in procrastination intentionally as it’s become part of their accustomed routine or is it a matter of poor time management and self-confidence regarding the task at hand?

Within my research I will use qualitative research methods to attain my results. I will be conducting a survey which I will administer to university students in hopes to gather the intel I need to answer the questions I wish to gain a greater knowledge of. My qualitative research will be supported by secondary research that I’ve already gathered and that I’m yet to gather, that will act as a compliment to my own primary findings. My current sample size goals are for 60 people to partake in the survey, however I’d like to surpass well beyond that in order to achieve the variety and differing opinions that I’d like to read.
To keep up with how my assessment task and to contribute to the task, feel free to fill out my survey here!

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1fRR_CjVcHKL74lv51s-RfLX5ywl92hpJQQ-YcSgg7Hk/edit

It should only take you about 3 minutes. Due to my demographic filling out the survey I’ve aimed to keep it nice and short so that procrastinating it wont be an issue! Thank you so much.

 

Procrastination station

If there’s been any constant in the pattern of which I complete a designated task, I’d be lying if I said that procrastination didn’t play a role. Whether the focus is in reference to my studies, cleaning my bedroom or finishing any other given task it just always seems as though the cute dog compilation video takes priority…and then another one, and another and next thing I know I’ve walked myself right into the trap that is procrastination. In the trap adrenaline roams in endless bouts, stress and anxiety creep up ever so quickly as you keep a watchful eye over the ticking clock and you murmur to yourself for the 600th time; “I’m never going to leave anything to the last minute again.”

But it’s not too soon after that you find yourself in the same predicament yet again.

At times of this uncertainty I’ve procrastinated yet again and looked on Facebook and have sought refuge through the “Student Problems” Facebook page, which is comforting to know that you are not quite alone on the matter.

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Well, give or take at least 66,000 others agree with me.

When looking at reflexivity as a concept, it ultimately dictates that we are all participants in a world we are trying to understand.

In regards to procrastination, my curiosity festers in the psychological ideals behind why one procrastinates. I wish to discover why this action has grown to become such a norm in our society as it appears to be such a common response to responsibility. At the core, the act of procrastinating is for the same shared benefit. However, I would like to delve deeper and beyond the surface to discover if there is a benefit to procrastination which has resulted in all of us finding ourselves in the same position at least a few times.

Procrastination for the most part carries a negative connotation, it bears the idea that you are purposely trying to push an obligation aside in the pursuit of your own happiness. But I truly want to understand why something so negative and bad can be so easy to fall victim to.

I am to investigate the psychology behind procrastination


The way in which I intend to strengthen my understanding is through the culmination of both secondary and primary research. My primary research will take form in surveys, as I try to grasp the ideas and values of a sample of students at the university. I also plan to interview a random selection of individuals and try to gauge out exactly why they procrastinate, how they procrastinate and if they see any benefit in doing so, these being broad and main concepts that I will scale down to receive the answers I desire and that will get me closer to grasping why it is we procrastinate.

 


The Evolution of Television Programme Consumption Within the Home – Digital Storytelling Project

The Evolution of Television programme consumption within the home

When looking at a certain form of media, it is vital to understand the role of it’s location, how it’s accessed and how it is strategically positioned to evoke a particular psychological function that is associated with it. Within my digital story I am ultimately aiming to look at the evolution of television consumption within the home over time. This idea had particularly stuck out to me upon reflecting on my own childhood and that of others I interacted with. Reliving this nostalgia had sparked the question of why and how has it changed so much from that of the past?

I feel as though the social norms that surround the prospect of the television as well as the location of the the television programme is viewed itself has had a huge impact on the way in which we identify our leisure with this medium. My study only extends to the evolution of our television viewing habits in the last ten years, and quite frankly this time frame alone has experienced monumental change.

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(https://antiqueradio.org/HomeTVTransmitter.htm)

It is ultimately through the advancements in technology that we are seeing trends start to change. The primary objective for many companies that produce something that has the intended desire to be used for leisure is for the individual to have utmost control over said device/programme so that they can create the most comfortable and personal experiences for themselves. Two of the most significant devices brought onto the market in the last two centuries is undoubtedly the introduction of the television as well as the internet. For quite some time, especially the early 2000’s, these two devices were exclusive to their own purpose. You would watch television to access your favourite television programmes and use the internet to access the internet, social media, etc. In recent year however, the two platforms have merged together with the birth of television streaming sites. Unlike commercial/free to air television, these websites provide a service to the consumer that television would sometimes fail in. This includes on-demand television and having the opportunity to watch all your favourite shows anywhere, at any time. As peoples needs change, so does their actions and the introduction of online streaming sites has provided consumers with all the aspects of television they love with the additional freedom and variety to suit their own individual preferences.

The way in which individuals access their television is dependant on a cross cultural factor, being age. Age can have a drastic impact on knowledge and ideas, especially in regards to technology. The younger generation are often more susceptible to being heavy users of the internet, and if they aren’t themselves their direct micro world consisting of their friends and peers act as the social push factor that may lead them to considering other ways of accessing their television programmes.

For the most part, we are seeing a trend of increased internet use and reliance with a declining rate of TV dependence in this age group. Research conducted by Think TV found that the percentage of time spent by 18-24 year olds watching television was 59.4% with the remaining time left solely for accessing their other devices via internet, smartphones or on tablets (AMS Q3, 2016). As the age brackets went up in age so does the percentage of TV users.

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Table reference: (AMS Q3, 2016).

This is thought to be the case as the individual’s television show preferences may be solely accessible on their television set without additional need for accessing it via other means as well as being more accepting to that of more traditional methods with the view being that television should be for television.

Within my study I conducted primary research to investigate the opinions and experiences of people and their beliefs on the evolution of television consumption within the home. I decided to do this to delve into the topic matter a little deeper and gauge the answers I wanted. My study consisted of 30 participants, varying in age. I separated age into three different categories. 18-24, 25-34 and 35 + and aimed the individual to gauge their perspective on the subject matter from when they were living at home with their families/caregivers. This had allowed me to gain a perspective of two totally different generations as well as understanding how the dynamics within the house would have an effect on how the individual interpreted their own view of the evolution of television consumption within the home and thus aiding me for the rest of my research. My first question was if the individuals preferred to access their favourite TV shows in a public setting or private.

The two options were provided as well as an ‘I don’t mind’ option. 83% of respondents said that they would prefer to watch their television shows in a private setting with all respondents in the 18-24 age group opting for this choice. The age groups above were more lenient on the matter with the remaining 10% not particularly minding and the remaining 7% to prefer watching in a public setting. I went on to ask the individuals why they chose their answers and interestingly enough, those who admitted to preferring the public idea of consuming their television viewing had similar themed opinions. One respondent claiming that “in my family we all sit together and watch the latest episode of whatever show we ‘ve been keeping up with. It’s a great way to bond without too much pressure for conversation while appreciating the company of people/family around you” (Darwish, S. 2016). This statement I noticed ties into the whole theme of location as well. The television is often deemed as the heart of the home occupying the centre of the home and often surrounded by lounge chairs that project the social expectations of the living room being a place to come together and watch the television together.

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(http://www.huffingtonpost.com/common-sense-media/7-best-new-fall-tv-shows-for-teens-and-families_b_5731046.html)

When looking at the semiotics of space, it is a process that can be used to describe the significance of the relationships between objects and their spatial contexts (Gaines, E. 2006). When looking at the semiotics of space between the household and the television accessible devices, the two can draw a correlation that extends beyond it’s physical use, but also to individuals and their socialisation habits. Thus it extends beyond their own TV viewing and becomes a whole matter of making valuable connections with others.

Although some good and insightful points were raised by that older age group, the 18-24-year-old age group also had some pretty interesting points to share. Upon being asked why they preferred viewing their television viewing in a private setting, a lot of the respondents based their answers around the idea of it being a way to wind down or relax. “After a long day at work I look forward to coming home, having dinner and then going to watch my favourite shows in my bedroom”. (Darwish, S 2016)

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(http://www.gettyimages.com.au/detail/video/watching-tv-at-night-stock-footage/596442670)

The individual’s freedom lies not only in the the device they’re accessing their television from but also where the location of said viewing is done. The bedroom connotes a more relaxing and private environment where in general the individual does have full control over. Psychologically the bedroom has been associated with ultimate freedom and this can be reflected in the design of the bedroom which is specific to that of the individual.

Spatially, the television programme may be accessible at any part of the house but the bedroom enhances the comfort level for the individual which has allowed itself to become cemented as a prominent TV programme viewing area. This differs from that of the past as 100% of television programme viewing would’ve only been accessed via the common TV in the house. Contrasting with the older respondents’ television experience being one that brings people together, it also shows that solitude in television viewing is just another way in which television can be accessed and appreciated. Technology plays a significant role in how this preference has come to be a norm in today’s society as various devices are available now that one can access their television programs on that are not only spatially exclusive but are portable even beyond the home itself.

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(http://www.myportableworld.com/posts/watching-television-in-the-mobile-world/#.WBXEEbQxGgQ)

Another question I addressed in my survey is if the individuals thought that their TV watching habits have changed over the years at all, and as follows from above it states the same notion of pattern. The older generation were more likely to answer no to this as they’d managed not to look beyond any other device that wasn’t a television to bring television, nor did they expect anything of it. This ties into one of the other questions I went on to ask which was if the medium of which they chose to access their television viewing would have an effect on what they could watch. For the younger audience, this was answered as a ‘yes’ In 94% of respondents. I then also went on to ask those who answered yes why this was the case. Upon looking at the respondents’ answers all drew a similar idea. “The TV shows I like to watch generally aren’t available on regular free air television” (Darwish, S. 2016). It is true that most speciality television shows don’t air on free/local air TV. And even in the event their favourite shows are available on some of the pay television channels, the medium of the television doesn’t allow as much flexibility as the online streaming counterpart does where you are able to access almost any show on-demand. TV companies are known to have taken popular internet-only accessible TV shows and air them on pay TV in hopes to regain certain audiences, however the nature of the matter is that they begun watching it from their devices so making a switch would feel unnecessary. For example, Orange is The New Black – a popular Netflix only series made its debut onto Foxtel (a pay TV company) on the 27th of May 2016 (Idato, M. 2016). As preferences in television shows expand and online streaming sites expand their own line of television shows, the trend will only grow more.

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(http://voidlive.com/9-shows-you-should-binge-watch-this-holiday-season/)

The younger age group admitted from one respondee was that in a public setting, there was such little control over what shows were on. Although recording is an option, it definitely comes down to convenience, and on-demand usually fits that category. Over-time, it is evident that we as a society have become more accepting of this mode of accessing our entertainment. “It had opened up a whole new world to me, there’d been TV genres I only knew a little bit about but got to watching more and more of it and without having the opportunity to access it the way I have I would never have known” (Darwish, S 2016). Therefore, the shift in television consumption in the household has reflected impact on different aged individuals in very different ways.

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(https://www.lifewire.com/sites-to-watch-free-tv-shows-online-3486367)

Therefore, summing my research up together I can conclude that the evolution of television consumption within the household is solely reliant on the fact that technology Is ever-changing in it’s nature. Consequently, resulting in a multitude of ways that the individual is able to both access their television programme’s as well as the television programmes within it. Ultimately, it is important to note that is when one social norm is broken or differs ever so slightly from the norm it concurrently results in the other social actions of the individual to be disrupted or changed. In saying this, the spatial distribution of the medium and how it’s accessed can have an affect on individuals and their socialisation habits. An example of this was the switch from only watching television on the public TV to branching out to more private methods of doing so. This obviously is dependant on the generation/age difference of the individual.

References

AMS report Q3 . (2016). How Australians Watch Television. Available: http://www.thinktv.com.au/media/THINK_TV_Commercial_TV_Viewing_Report.pdf. Last accessed 18-10-16.

Gaines, E. (2006). Communication and the Semiotics of Space. Available: http://www.wright.edu/~elliot.gaines/space.pdf. Last accessed 15-10-16.

Idato, M. (2016). Foxtel and Netflix to share rights for Orange is the New Black. Available: http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/tv-and-radio/foxtel-and-netflix-to-share-rights-for-orange-is-the-new-black-20150419-1mojvb.html. Last accessed 15-10-16.

Darwish, S. (2016) Survey results from primary research. Conducted on the 12-10-16

Reflecting for research

My journey back into BCM was quite a rocky one from the get-go, especially this semester. In the middle of last term, I’d signed a form that would allow me to instead switch to a Bachelor of Commerce. Why did I do this? Silly, but it was in my best interest at the time. Come around to the first day back at university, I’d immediately regretted this decision as I found myself limited in all elements of possible creativity as I struggled to understand the basic concepts of finance and economics.

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Without further a due, a day later I went back to student central and had re-applied for my beloved bachelor of communications and media course. I found myself having to readjust my mindset fairly quickly in regards to the fact that I hadn’t mentally prepared to change again. I had been anticipating the new subjects I would eventually face during the holiday which at the time unfortunately didn’t consist of any subjects that required blogging. This was a significant part of my preparation I missed as I I tend to reflect on my prior term’s efforts to ensure that my future blogging endeavours exceed the quality of any previous ones I’d done. I thought I just wouldn’t be blogging again, but I’m back again and I love to do it.

Reading the feedback from the first assessment task, I expected a few misses to be addressed, as well as having my strengths addressed. Here are some of the areas that I’ve prioritised in making changes on my blog for:


Efficiency


One of the major critiques for my blog in the feedback I’d received was that my blog wasn’t easily accessible for my tutor at the time of marking.
“The BCM240 category was not accessible at time of marking (wheel kept turning). Is there a problem?”

I was not aware at the time of submitting my blogpost that this was the case. In order to ensure that this problem doesn’t occur again, I’ve tried accessing my blog from another computer as well as sending the links to a friend who would then be able to check that the blog site was working promptly.

From as far as I can tell, the problem has been resolved and shouldn’t occur again. I had some issues initially when trying to form the BCM240 category, but I’ve taken all directions in ensuring that anyone who comes to read my blog isn’t hindered in accessing my blog content.

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Dammit technology. You had one job!

Design

At the start of my BCM240 journey, my blog merely existed as the platform I required to create to submit my assessments on. With this mindset I didn’t think about the layout, design and overall impression my blog would give. What I failed to realise was that those were the basic and key components to creating a blog that people would want to engage with.

I remember hearing about the “attention economy” in the lecture and through a personal self reflection at 9am that morning, it had dawned on me that if I didn’t pay particular attention to the fine details of my blog, the visual aesthetic of it that is, my site would easily get lost amongst the millions of blogs that exist on the expansive environment that is the internet. I had to ensure that my blog offered elements that would grab the attention of the reader visually and prompt them to read and view the content I create.

An important factor when looking at my design construction was to also try and incorporate my personality in the site. Ensuring my layout and my introduction were cohesive, I feel made for a more personal and inviting blog. As someone who thoroughly enjoys nature and has the idea in mind of encouraging creative thinking on my blog, I describe it as a dream that I want my audience to journey along with me. And I feel as though I’ve better represented that intention through the physical changes I made to it.

 
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Another element of design that assures the audience of a more authentic and more connected author was the addition of the twitter widget to my blog site. This allows for anyone who visits my blog to also have the opportunity to view my latest tweets and therefore gain a more personal relationship with me. Therefore, increasing the chance of viewer retention on my blog.

Writing

The overarching method to have a successful blog is to make sure that the content that you are producing is interesting to the audience.

Generally speaking, a good blog post will include these 3 components (Pinola, M, 2013.)

– Answers a question
– Solves a problem
– Triggers the reader’s emotion /thoughts

With these points in mind, I have made an attempt to apply them to my writing in more recent blogs. Not only do I think of these points to be beneficial to that of my audience, but it also makes it easier in the way in which I am able to carry forward a blog post. It provides a basis that I can work with to create something of quality which will potentially give a more purposeful reading experience to the audience.   

Another important element in blog writing that will personalise your writing is including a good mix and evidence of primary research and secondary research. In the blog post I submitted earlier in the semester, I had conducted some primary research and discussed the results that I’d attained. However, I failed to make the absolute most of my time with another person and their knowledge. A good way to bring the primary research you’ve done to life is to include direct quotes from the individual themselves. My downfall was only analysing their words and expanding on that matter rather than making their opinions known exclusively to the audience. Primary research is ultimately subject to the researcher’s interpretation of the data (IAC publishing labs, 2011) and therefore should be given the opportunity to explore some of the information and decide for their own. I’ve recognised this and it is something I will work on and have attempted to incorporate in my blogs.

With secondary research, it is vital and gives the piece of work substance when it is backed with information that has already been researched by you (primary research) (Ibid). A helpful way to utilise secondary research in your blog is to include statistics and that research that you wouldn’t otherwise be able to get without conducting several series of primary research.

Therefore, being able to recognise these elements of my work as negatives and areas that need work is an important and vital aspect to bettering my blog. The research that I conduct and the quality of it is subject to these key elements and as I have striven to combat and tackle these issues in my blog, I personally found my blog to have improved as a result.

 


References

IAC publishing labs. (2011). Why should you use both primary and secondary data in research?. Available: https://www.reference.com/world-view/should-use-primary-secondary-data-research-81755c7e871885f2#. Last accessed 28-9-16.

 

Pinola, M. (2013). How Can I Write a Successful Blog and Get More People to Read It?. Available: http://lifehacker.com/how-can-i-write-a-successful-blog-and-get-more-people-t-1257476541. Last accessed 29-9-16.

Broadcast yourself!…on the condition that –

As someone who regularly uses the internet and engages with social media, i quite often turn to YouTube to get my fix of entertainment. Whether this be educational, for a laugh or mere procrastination – i thoroughly enjoy the website.

YouTube is a free video sharing website that also allows individuals to upload their own videos that they can share with the public. YouTube provides an international platform for all individuals with a multitude of different channels, videos and stories told by people all around the world. YouTube itself has created a ‘global village’ where we can all feel interconnected with people from different countries through technology bringing us together, as a village if you will.

When YouTube notices significant traffic on your channel, you may be entitled to a monetisation agreement with YouTube, where you can let advertisers play their advertisements on your videos. For most successful YouTubers and creators this is their main source of income.

YouTube’s slogan has always been “Broadcast yourself” which ultimately gives off the impression that you are allowed to be yourself and broadcast whatever you desire. This was the case in the early days of YouTube, but as media has become more widespread in our society with more users than ever before and concurrently, a larger demographic range than ever before, consequently, YouTube has felt the pressure to keep up with these trends, and put forward policies to ensure that the safety of their own audiences as well as  their business connections with advertisers are kept secure enough to avoid any sort of anarchy.

However, some elements of this media regulation have been taken one step too far, resulting in a largely limiting opportunity to have freedom of expression for individuals if they hope to by monetised.

Content creators are expected to abide the set media regulations and policies for ethical reasons. If their videos don’t comply with said rules, the individual has the right for their monetisation deals to be taken from them. Sounds like a fair enough request right..?

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STS Admin . (2016). The Internet reacts to YouTube’s new rules

Hmmmmmm…

Melanie Murphy, a prominent YouTuber had her monetisation taken away from her due to her Acne being deemed as too offensive and graphic. There’s a line, and i think we crossed it here. A very human topic that would probably be more beneficial than anything else is deemed in such a way? a little slack if you ask me.

However, the realm of media regulation on Youtube doesn’t stop there, and for the most part, only starts to sound even more ridiculous. A few more no-go’s when it comes to content creation on YouTube as of September 2016;

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Screenshot: Advertiser-friendly content guidelines. (YouTube 2016)


To think that Acne is considered to be under the violence dot point is pretty shocking. Also, discussion of earthquakes even has the potential for YouTubers to lose their monetisation. What this list gives off is if you have any sort of opinion while still wanting to make some dosh, youtube is no longer the place for you to do this. YouTube has initiated a new form of censorship for their content creators which had youtube fans and users alike protest the new regulations put out on this major media platform.

Youtube fans and content creators alike created the a hashtag #YouTubeIsOverParty in hopes for the mass media to recognise their creative expression and public displays of opinion is in jeopardy due to YouTube’s new policies.

This motifs behind this hashtag were to try and publicise the issue in hopes that maybe their cries will be heard.

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Screenshot: STS Admin . (2016). The Internet reacts to YouTube’s new rules

 

To accompany the raging people, what’s a media dilemma without a couple of odd memes to really settle in the reality of the situation? #triggered

“Social media is the ultimate equalizer. It gives a voice and a platform to anyone willing to engage.” – Amy Jo Martin (Boitnott, J. 2015)

What is your opinion on the matter? do you think YouTube’s regulations put on their users are deemed excessive or is it justified?

 

 

References:

Boitnott, J. (2015). 5 Quotes on Social Media Entrepreneurs Should Know. Available: http://www.inc.com/john-boitnott/5-quotes-on-social-media-entrepreneurs-should-know.html. Last accessed 23-9-16.

STS Admin . (2016). The Internet reacts to YouTube’s new rules.Available: https://ageofshitlords.com/internet-reacts-youtubes-new-rules/. Last accessed 23-9-16.

YouTube. (2016). Advertiser-friendly content guidelines. Available: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/6162278?hl=en. Last accessed 23-9-16.

Ensuring Ethics

In this weeks lecture, our task was to photograph somebody else using their mobile phone in the public space. Now of course this is an easy request on it’s own. The act of taking a photograph of someone is not hard at all, and with nearly everyone who walks past have a mobile phone in hand it’s probably more hard to not find someone doing just that.

However, although the particular content is readily is available to you when in public, there are laws that surround taking a photograph of any sort in the public sphere and these laws are shaped on the basis of common shared human ethics and morals.

In Australia, it is acceptable to take photos of people without their permission. This is due to the fact that there are no existing laws in regards to publicity or personal rights (Arts Law Centre, Australia 2016). Although it is permitted to take a photo of someone in public without their knowledge it doesn’t automatically make it ethical. (Colberg, J 2003)

 

However, the individual can become victim of a breach of the law through engaging in unethical photography as there are existing laws that state a person’s image constitutes ‘personal information.  Therefore, the freedom of street photography is still conditional and is subject to conform to the requirements of the law.

For example, when the individual is portrayed or represented in a way that reveals their identity in a negative light or even simply to the extent that is entering their own personal space to the point that they feel uncomfortable. The main rule of thumb is consent. If you’ve received clear consent from the photographed individual that you wouldn’t mind your photo taken or to be published beyond the camera is solely up to the individual themselves as they have the right to understand where and how they are portraying their own image as a person.

The public sphere as described by Habermas is known to be a place that individuals can come together to share ideas (Zhao, G 2014). It is ones macro world space and potentially encompasses the mass media and the outer society. The private sphere is ultimately a personal domain that separates itself from the public domain in any regard, it consists of the individuals micro world space which includes your family, friends, and instant messaging platforms. One can be physically in the public sphere and a subject of debate to others for reasons such as their presentation. However, the individual can be in the public yet also be inclusive of their  private world.

The other day i had gone out to dinner with one of my best friends, mid conversation i decided to turn to my phone without ending the conversation at all as i wanted to get an insight into how she would react to me suddenly taking a photograph. She was originally looking up something from her phone and i thought why not put the consent to the test. As a pair of friends who tend never not expect a camera of ours up in one another face, when we are unaware of the photo we are always still curious as to how it turned out and whether it should stay on the persons phone or should it be thrown into the nearest body of water instead?

Anyways, i’d taken the photo of her and she asked me if i’d been taking a photograph to which i responded yes. The app i was using to capture the moment was snapchat and was i planning to make a snapchat story. Upon admitting i was taking a picture of her i also let her know that i had the intention of posting it.

By giving her all the details as to what i want out of this photograph she asked to have a look at the photograph before i went on to posting it on social media. She wasn’t a fan of the photo and that was my cue to omit the photo in front of her. She gave me permission to take another one where she was more aware and eventually we started to fill out this snapchat story of mine. Now, i could’ve quite simply gotten away with taking her picture, the original one and put it onto my story however that would’ve been unethical and unfair to her.

Although she didn’t want me to post the first photograph onto my story, as i went on to explain to her my assessment and the importance of ethics and moral’s in public photography she agreed and gave me consent to put up the original photo as it captures her in a state being unsure of what it was i was doing. Was i taking a photo? trying to reach out for some signal? no i was trying to get a picture.

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Sally Darwish, 1-9-16

If you’re reading this, Sarah- hey girl! you’ve made it to my ethics blog post. It’s quite a high point in life.

References:

 

Arts Law Centre, Australia. (2016). Information Sheet . Available: http://www.artslaw.com.au. Last accessed 3-9-16.

Colberg, J 2003, Ethics of Street Photography, Published April 3, http://jmcolberg.com/weblog/extended/archives/the_ethics_of_street_photography/ accessed: 4/9/16

Zhao, G. (2014). The Public and Its Problem: Dewey, Habermas, and Levinas. Available: http://cedar.wwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1193&context=jec. Last accessed 3-9-16.